Role of probiotics and prebiotics on human health


Prebiotic & Probiotic:

  • Probiotics: These are live bacteria found in certain foods or supplements. Probiotics can provide numerous health benefits.
  • Prebiotics: These substances come from types of carbs (mostly fiber) that humans can’t digest. The beneficial bacteria in your gut eat this fiber.


“Food ingredients that help support growth of probiotic bacteria” or “nondigestible substances that act as food for the gut microbiota. Essentially, prebiotics stimulate growth or activity of certain healthy bacteria (probiotic bacteria) that live in your body.”

Prebiotics are specific colonic nutrients, which are resistant to digestive processes in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract.

Functional Effects of Prebiotic:

  • Intestinal/colonic function (e.g. fecal bulking, stool production).
  • Resistance to intestinal infection.
  • Bioavailability of minerals, especially Ca and Mg.
  • Immunomodulation.
  • Influence on gastrointestinal peptides especially glucagon-like peptides.
  • Satiety and appetite.

Disease risk reduction:

  • Management of infectious diarrhea.
  • Metabolic syndrome.
  • Obesity.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
  • Colon Cancer.


  • Non-digestible foods of certain types of carbohydrates; oligosaccharides.
  • Acts as food for probiotic bacteria and ensure that they are healthy.
  • Sources: carbohydrate-rich foods (fruits, grain, and others) and raw vegetables (onion, garlic, and others).


According to WHO (2001) “Live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host”.

Functional effects of probiotic:

  • Intestinal/colonic function (e.g. transit time, regularity in stool production).
  • Resistance to intestinal infection.
  • Immunomodulation.

Probiotics with added prebiotic supplement:

  • Enhance the immune system, energy, and mood.
  • Helps to absorb nutrients efficiently and relieves the stomach from stress and strain of antibiotics.
  • Relives from gas pain, acidity, and constipation by promoting digestion and digestion immune health.
  • As a dietary supplement, take one serving (1capsule) 1 to 2 times daily with a meal or as suggested by healthcare professionals/Nutritionist.

Disease risk reduction:

  • Management of infectious diarrhea.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
  • Colon Cancer.


  • Live microorganism (beneficial bacteria) that involved in the proper way of digestive system functioning
  • Common strains of bacteria: species of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacteria, and Streptococcus.
  • Sources: fermented dairy products, yogurt, cheese, dietary supplements and others.

 Synbiotic products:

“Combination of prebiotic and probiotic products.”

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